Afrotis afra (Southern black korhaan) 

[= Eupodotis afra

Swartvlerkkorhaan [Afrikaans]; Ikhalu-khalu [Xhosa]; Epampa (generic term for korhaan) [Kwangali]; Lekakarane [South Sotho]; Motlatlawę, Tlatlagwę [Tswana]; Zwarte trap [Dutch]; Outarde korhaan [French]; Gackeltrappe [German]; Abetarda-d'asa-preta [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Gruiformes > Family: Otitidae

Afrotis afra (Southern black korhaan)  Afrotis afra (Southern black korhaan) 

Southern black korhaan male, Velddrif, South Africa. [photo Trevor Hardaker ©]

Southern black korhaan female, Heerenlogenment, South Africa. [photo Trevor Hardaker ©]

The Southern black korhaan is endemic to South Africa, being found in the Western, Eastern and Northern Capes. It is common to uncommon in the remnants of renosterveld and strandveld in the Western Cape, and nama karoo in the Northern Cape. It feeds on insects, small reptiles and plant material, foraging on the ground and picking up food items with its bill. It is polygynous, meaning that the male mates with multiple females, who do all the incubation and caring of the chicks. Its 1-2 are laid eggs directly on the ground, often so that it conceals the incubating female.

Distribution and habitat

Endemic to South Africa, occurring in the Western Cape, marginally extending into the Eastern and Northern Cape. It is common to uncommon in the remnants of renosterveld, as well as strandveld and Nama karoo.

Food 

It eats mainly insects, small reptiles and plant material, foraging on the ground and picking up food items with its bill. The following food items have been recorded in its diet:

  • Animals
    • insects
    • small reptiles
  • Plant material

Breeding

  • Polygynous, meaning that one male mates with multiple females.
  • It does not use a nest, instead laying its eggs directly on the ground, typically in an area that conceals the incubating female.
  • Egg-laying season is from August-January, peaking from September-October.
  • It lays one, rarely two eggs, which are incubated solely by the female.
  • The chicks are are cared for by the female only.

Threats

Not threatened, although it probably suffered major habitat loss due to the cultivation of the Western Cape lowlands.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

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