Cinnyris manoensis (Miombo double-collared sunbird) 

[= Nectarinia manoensis

Miombo-rooibandsuikerbekkie [Afrikaans]; Dzonya, Tsodzo (both are generic names for sunbird) [Shona]; Miombo-honingzuiger [Dutch]; Souimanga du miombo [French]; Miombonektarvogel [German]; Beija-flor-do-miombo [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Nectariniidae

Cinnyris manoensis (Miombo double-collared sunbird)  Cinnyris manoensis (Miombo double-collared sunbird) 

Miombo double-collared sunbird male, Ewanrigg Botanical Gardens, Zimbabwe. [photo Ian Nason ]

Miombo double-collared sunbird female, Amanzi Lodge, Harare, Zimbabwe. [photo Ian Nason ]

Distribution and habitat

Occurs in patches from Tanzania through Malawi, northern Mozambique, Zambia and Angola to southern Africa. Here it is common across much of Zimbabwe, generally preferring miombo (Brachystegia) woodland but also occupying montane habitats, such as patches of pincushions (Leucospermum), Erica and Protea scrub, well wooded gardens and Acacia savanna (especially in winter when mistletoes are flowering).

Distribution of Miombo double-collared sunbird in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project ( Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common).

Predators and parasites

It has been recorded as prey of the Domestic cat (Felis cattus).

Food 

It mainly eats nectar supplemented with arthropods, gleaning them from foliage and hawking prey aerially. The following food items have been recorded in its diet:

  • Nectar
    • Loranthaceae (mistletoes)
    • Tecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)
    • Leonotis (wild dagga)
    • Gladiolus dalenii (African gladiolus)
    • Holmskioldia (Chinese lanterns)
    • Aloe arborescens (Krantz aloe)
    • Aloe cameronii (Cameron's ruwari aloe)
    • Kniphofia (torch lilies)
    • Bauhinia variegata (Butterfly tree)
    • Callistemon viminalis (alien Bottlebrush)
  • Arthropods

Breeding

  • The nest is built solely by the female in at least a week, consisting of a thick-walled oval-shaped structure made of forbs, shredded bark, dry leaves and fine grass, bound together with spider web. The entrance hole is positioned on the side, sometimes covered by a hood made of dry grass, while the interior is lined with feathers and plant down. It is typically suspended from a branch near a mass of spider webs, or occasionally beneath a house porch or building overhang.
  • Egg-laying season is year-round, peaking from August-November.
  • It lays 1-3 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female for approximately 14-16 days.
  • The chicks are mainly fed by the female, leaving the nest after about 13-15 days, remaining dependent on their parents for at least one more week.

Threats

Not threatened.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

 

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