Monticola angolensis (Miombo rock-thrush) 

Angolakliplyster [Afrikaans]; Mugendasikarapi (generic term for thrush) [Kwangali]; Miombo-rotslijster [Dutch]; Monticole angolais [French]; Miomborötel [German]; Melro-das-rochas-do-miombo [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Muscicapidae > Genus: Monticola

Distribution and habitat

Occurs throughout south-Central Africa, from Tanzania through southern DRC, Zambia and Malawi to southern Africa. Here it is locally common in open miombo (Brachystegia) and Zambezi teak (Baikiaea plurijuga) woodland, occasionally moving into Mopane (Colosphermum mopane) and Uapaca kirkiana (Mohobohobo) woodland types.

Distribution of Miombo rock-thrush in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common).

Food 

It mainly eats arthropods, doing most of its foraging in the leaf-litter, gleaning prey from logs and bark. The following food items have been recorded in its diet:

Breeding

  • The nest is has a dense foundation of coarse grass and miombo (Brachystegia) leaf petioles in which a cup-shaped cavity is positioned, lined with grass and rootlets. It is typically placed in a shallow cavity in the main stem of a tree, usually less than 2 metres above ground.
  • Egg-laying season is from August-December, peaking from September-November.
  • It lays 3-4 eggs, which are incubated by both sexes for about 13-15 days.
  • The chicks are brooded solely by the female but fed by both parents, leaving the nest after about 16-20 days. They eventually become independent 3-6 months after fledging.

Threats

Not threatened, although the clearance and fragmentation of miombo (Brachystegia) woodland in Zimbabwe is definitely cause for concern.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

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