Trochocercus cyanomelas (Blue-mantled crested-flycatcher, Blue-mantled flycatcher) 

BloukuifvlieŽvanger [Afrikaans]; Igotyi [Xhosa]; Kaapse kuifmonarch [Dutch]; Tchitrec du Cap [French]; Blaumantel-schopfschnšpper [German]; Papa-moscas-de-poupa [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Monarchidae

Blue-mantled crested-flycatcher, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. [photo Alan Manson ©]

For information about this species, see www.birdforum.net/opus/African_Crested_Flycatcher

Distribution and habitat

Endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, it occurs from Somalia to Kenya, through Tanzania to southern Africa. In this region, the bulk of its population is in South Africa, in the Limpopo Province and coastal areas of KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern and Wesern Cape, but it also has small popluations in north-central Mozambique. It usually occurs in the undergrowth of thick Afromontane, Evergreen and riverine forest, occasionally moving into thickly wooded areas of valley bushveld.

Distribution of Blue-mantled crested-flycatcher in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  

Food 

Its diet is exclusively made up of small invertebrates, often foraging from a perch from which it takes short looping flights to hawk prey items.

Breeding

  • The nest is well-built thick-walled cup, made of bark fibres, moss, fine grass and lichen, bound together withh spider web.
  • Egg-laying season is from October-January, peaking from September-December.
  • It lays 2-3 eggs, which are incubated by both sexes each taking a circa 45 minute long shift.

Threats

Not threatened.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

 

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