Turtur chalcospilos (Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Greenspotted dove) 

Groenvlekduifie [Afrikaans]; Ivukazana [Xhosa]; isiKhombazane-sehlanze [Zulu]; Sitenderenkutji [Kwangali]; Mutondo, Njiva [Shona]; Sigulugwane [Swazi]; Xivhambalana (generic term for dove) [Tsonga]; Smaragdvlekduif [Dutch]; Tourtelette émeraudine [French]; Bronzeflecktaube [German]; Rola-esmeraldina [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Columbiformes > Family: Columbidae > Genus: Turtur

Turtur chalcospilos (Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Greenspotted dove)  Turtur chalcospilos (Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Greenspotted dove)

Emerald-spotted wood-dove. [photo Trevor Hardaker ©]

Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Mkuze Game Reserve, South Africa. [photo Johann Grobbelaar ©]

The Emerald-spotted wood-dove is fairly common in many parts of southern Africa, living in woodlands, savanna and valley bushveld. It forages on sparsely vegetated ground, looking for fallen seeds and fruit, although little more is known of its diet. It builds its own nest, which is a platform of twigs, stems and roots, placed 0.5-6 metres above ground in a tree, bush or Aloe. It lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated mainly by the female, for 17 days. The chicks stay in the nest for 15-17 days, before leaving.

Distribution and habitat

Occurs in sub-Saharan Africa, excluding arid areas. In southern Africa it is is fairly common in northern Namibia, northern and south-eastern Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and eastern and southern South Africa. It generally prefers closed woodland, thicket in open woodland, arid savanna, dry sand forest, valley bushveld, gardens and orchards.

Distribution of Emerald-spotted wood-dove in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  

Predators and parasites

Food 

Forages on sparsely vegetated ground, probably feeding on invertebrates, fallen fruit and seeds, but little is known about its diet. The following species have been recorded in its diet:

  • Plants
    • seeds
      • herbs
      • grasses
    • fallen fruit of Ficus bussei (Zambezi fig)
  • Invertebrates

Breeding

  • It builds its own nest (see image below), which is a platform of twigs, stems and roots, placed 0.5-6.0 metres above ground in a tree, bush or aloe.
Turtur chalcospilos (Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Greenspotted dove)  

Emerald-spotted wood dove, Sericea farm, South Africa. [photo Warwick Tarboton ©]

 
  • It lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated mainly by the female for approximately 17 days.
  • The chicks stay in the nest for 15-17 days before leaving.

Threats

Not threatened.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

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