Streptopelia (turtle doves)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Columbiformes > Family: Columbidae

Species indigenous to southern Africa

Streptopelia capicola (Cape turtle dove) 

The Cape turtle-dove is extremely common, and is found everywhere in southern Africa except coastal Namibia. It lives in most types of woodland, as well as farmland, suburban parks and gardens. It mainly eats seeds, as well as fruit, nectar, leaves and insects. It usually makes its own nest, out of twigs, leaves and roots, but can also use nest from previous seasons and nests made by other birds. It lays 1-4 eggs, usually 2, which are incubated by both sexes, for 13-16 days. The nestlings stay in the nest for 16-17 days, after which they are dependent on their parents for 12 more days, before becoming fully independent.

Streptopelia decipiens (African mourning dove)

The African mourning dove lives in small areas in the northern half of southern Africa, where it is locally common. It lives in moist savanna, cultivated areas and riverine Acacia woodland. Its diet consists mostly of seeds, with very small amounts of fruit and insects. The female builds a nest of twigs, leaves and roots, the male gathering the material. It lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated for 13-14 days (recorded in captivity). The chicks stay in the nest 15-18 days.

Streptopelia semitorquata (Red-eyed dove)

The Red-eyed dove is common in many areas of southern Africa, and has adapted very well to living with humans. It lives in most types of woodland, especially alien tree plantations. It forages on the ground, looking for seeds, nuts and bulblets. It usually builds it own nest out of twigs and grass, but can also use stick nests made by other birds. The female lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated by both parents for 14-17 days, after which the chicks hatch. The brood stays in the nest for 15-20 days, before leaving.

Streptopelia senegalensis (Laughing dove)

The Laughing dove is abundant in southern Africa, as it is found everywhere except coastal Mozambique. It has benefited greatly from habitat disturbance by humans, and is found in all of woodlands, as well as suburban parks and gardens. It mainly eats seeds, with fruits, bulbs and nectar making up the rest of its diet. The female normally makes its own nest, while the male collects material. It lays 1-6, usually 2 eggs, which are incubated by both sexes, for 12-14 days, after which the chicks hatch. They leave the nest at 12-13 days old, before they have even learnt to fly. At 3-4 days after leaving the nest, the chicks can fly, after which they become fully independent.

Streptopelia turtur (European turtle-dove, Eurasian turtle-dove) 

 
 

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