Prinia hypoxantha (Drakensberg prinia)
Drakensberglangstertjie [Afrikaans]; Prinia du
Drakensberg [French]; Gelbbauchprinie [German]
Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia >
Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates) > Gnathostomata
(jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony
fish) > Class:
Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial
Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota >
(reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha >
Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal
predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora >
Aves (birds) > Order:
Passeriformes > Family: Cisticolidae
> Genus: Prinia
Distribution and habitat
Endemic to South Africa and Swaziland, occurring from the
Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Free State Province to Swaziland, Mpumalanga and
Lesotho. It generally prefers dense grass and shrubs at the bases of valleys, or
along hillsides or watercourses.
It mainly eats insects, gleaning them from the leaves and
stems of grass and shrubs. The following food items have been recorded in its
- Nectar of Aloe ferox (Bitter aloe)
- The nest is oval-shaped with a side-top entrance, built of woven green
grass which dry to a pale brown colour. It is typically placed in a bush or
dense weed, up to about a metre above ground.
- Egg-laying season in KwaZulu-Natal is from October-February, peaking
- It lays 2-4 eggs, which in one observation where incubated for 14 days.
- The chicks are fed by both parents, leaving the nest after approximately
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of
southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book
Fund, Cape Town.
Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M.,
Tree. A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds). 1997. The atlas of southern
African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.