Apalis ruddi (Rudd's apalis) 

Ruddse kleinjantjie [Afrikaans]; Rudd-apalis [Dutch]; Apalis de Rudd [French]; Rudds feinsänger [German]; Apalis de Rudd [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Cisticolidae > Genus: Apalis

Apalis ruddi (Rudd's apalis)   

Rudd's apalis, Mkhuze Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. [photo Alan Manson ©]


For information about this species, see www.birdforum.net/opus/Rudd's_Apalis 

Distribution and habitat

Endemic to southern Africa, with the bulk of its population centered around southern Mozambique and eastern Kwazulu-Natal. Here it is locally abundant in habitats with dense undergrowth, such Acacia and mixed woodland.

Distribution of Rudd's apalis in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  


It mainly eats small insects and larvae, foraging at all levels of the forest, gleaning prey from leaves and twigs. It is commonly seen in mixed-species foraging flocks, sometimes with Yellow-breasted apalises.


  • The male solely builds the nest in about 8-12 days, consisting of an oval ball with a side entrance, built of dried grass and other plant stems. It also occasionally builds it entirely out of old-mans-beard-lichen (Usnea). The outside is often covered with bits of green moss, and it is typically attached with spider web to twigs in a tangled creeper, bush or tree.
  • It lays 1-3 eggs, usually in the months from about September-November.


Not threatened internationally, but Near-threatened in South Africa and Swaziland, although its range appears to have remained unchanged since about 1970.


  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 



 Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Birds home   Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search