Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted apalis) 

Geelborskleinjantjie [Afrikaans]; N'walanga, Xinyamukhwarani (generic terms for apalis) [Tsonga]; Geelborstapalis [Dutch]; Apalis à gorge jaune [French]; Gelbbrust-feinsänger [German]; Apalis-de-peito-amarelo [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Cisticolidae > Genus: Apalis

Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted apalis)  Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted apalis) 

Yellow-breasted apalis, Kruger National Park, South Africa. [photo Trevor Hardaker ©]

Yellow-breasted apalis. [photo Jim Scarff ©]

Distribution and habitat

Its distribution is patchy from Senegal to the Ethiopia through Tanzania to southern Africa (largely absent from the DRC). Here it is locally common in Evergreen forest, arid riverine Acacia or Mopane (Colosphermum mopane) woodland.

Distribution of Yellow-breasted apalis in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  

Food 

It mainly eats insects, often restlessly foraging in the foliage of the canopy, gleaning prey from leaves and twigs.  The following food items have been recorded in its diet:

Breeding

  • The nest is an oval ball with a side entrance, made of grass, bark, tendrils, dead leaves, lichen, flowers and seed pods, although it is sometimes constructed entirely of lichen. It is typically placed in a tree or shrub, often near Usnea (old-mans-beard lichen).
Apalis flavida (Yellow-breasted apalis) 

Yellow-breasted apalis constructing its nest. [photo Jeff Poklen ©]

  • Egg-laying season is from about October-March, peaking around October-November.
  • It lays 2-3 eggs, which are incubated by both sexes for about 12-14 days.
  • The chicks are cared for by both adults, leaving the nest after about 15-17 days.

Threats

Not threatened.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

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