Anas querquedula (Garganey) 

Somereend [Afrikaans]; Zomertaling [Dutch]; Sarcelle d'été [French]; Knäkente [German]; Marreco-europeu [Portuguese]

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ischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae

Anas querquedula (Garganey)   

Garganey, Tablas de Daimiel National Park, Spain. [photo Mike Grimes ©]


Distribution and habitat

Breeds in a broad band between 40-65° North from western Europe to the Pacific, heading south in the non-breeding season to South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Within southern Africa it is generally rare in central Zimbabwe and north-eastern Namibia, while it is a rare vagrant to southern Botswana and South Africa. It generally prefers shallow freshwater wetlands with emergent vegetation, such as flood plains, shallow dams, pans and sewage ponds.

Distribution of Garganey in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  

Movements and migrations

Mainly present in southern Africa in the period from November-April.


It mainly eats aquatic insects and their larvae, such as molluscs, crustaceans, worms and leeches, as well as frog spawn, tadpoles and fish. It does most of its foraging by swimming with its head underwater.


  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 



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