Tribe: Hopliini (monkey beetles)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Holometabola > Coleoptera (beetles) > Polyphaga > Superfamily: Scarabaeoidea > Family: Scarabaeidae > Subfamily: Rutelinae

Distinguished from other Scarabaeidae by the tarsal claws which, especially on the hindlegs, are unequally sized and movable. Larvae are known as white grubs, a term also used for larvae of the subfamily Melolonthinae. They feed on plant litter and plant roots in the soil, and can be serious pests of cultivated crops and lawns. 

The Hopliini beetles are the most diverse group of rutelines in southern Africa. Adults are often brightly coloured and hairy with large powerful hind legs and usually encountered in flowers. 

Some genera and species that occur in southern Africa

Anisonyx ditus

Scelophysa trimeni

Anisonyx ditus (Glitering monkey beetle), 9mm. [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths , from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

Scelophysa trimeni (Blue monkey beetle), 9mm. [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths , from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

Pachycnema marginella

Heterochelus chiriagricus

Pachycnema marginella (Brown monkey beetle), 10mm. [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths , from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

Heterochelus chiriagricus (Striped monkey beetle), 10mm. [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths , from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

Lepithrix pseudolineata

 

Lepithrix pseudolineata (Spider monkey beetle), 9mm. [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths , from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

 

Page by Margie Cochrane  


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