Lucanidae (stag beetles)
Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda
(insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola >
Holometabola > Coleoptera
> Polyphaga > Superfamily: Scarabaeoidea
Medium to large beetles (15-35mm). Smooth and
usually black or dark or reddish brown. It is thought that adults do not feed or
might take nectar and/or plant sap. Male mandibles are large and toothed,
usually larger than the female. The larvae bore into decaying wood and are
therefore associated with forests. However,
Colophon is the exception. Little is known about this genus that is
limited to higher regions of some mountains of the south western Cape in South Africa. They are thought
to feed on roots of Restionaceae (grasses, sedges).
Some subfamilies that occur in southern Africa.
This subfamily includes the genus Colophon
(Cape stag beetles) that is endemic to the Western Cape. There are 17
species, each found on a particular mountain range in this region.