Family: Curculionidae (weevils, snout beetles)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Holometabola > Coleoptera (beetles) > Polyphaga > Curculionoidea

This is the largest family in the animal kingdom, including about 48 000 species in total, of which about 2 500 species occur in southern Africa. They are small to very large (1-60mm) with diverse habits, shapes and colours. Their mandibles (jaws) are situated at the end of a rostrum (snout) that is adapted for chewing into seeds and stems. The antennae (feelers) are characteristically elbowed and clubbed and situated on the rostrum. Both adults and larvae feed on plants and the female bores into seeds and stems where the eggs are laid. This group of beetles includes a wide range of pests of crops and stored products.

There are other closely related weevil families within the superfamily Curculionoidea:

Anthribidae Apionidae Attelabidae Brachyceridae Brentidae Cryptolarydae Dryophthoridae Erirhididae Nanophyidae Oxycorinidae Platypodidae Scolytidae Urodontidae. See also Bruchinae (pea weevils, family Chrysomelidae).

Some subfamilies, genera and species from southern Africa

Subfamily Bagoninae  

Subfamily Baridinae

 

Subfamily Curculioninae

 

Curculio sp.

Subfamily Ceutorrhynchinae

 

Subfamily Conoderinae

 

Subfamily Cossoninae

 

Subfamily Cryptopinae

 

Subfamily Cyclominae

 

Hipporrhinus furvus

Subfamily Entiminae

 

Polyclaeis equestris

Subfamily Hyperinae

 

Subfamily Lixinae

 

Priorhinus canus

Subfamily Molytinae

 

Subfamily: Scolytinae (bark beetles)

 

Subfamily Xiphaspidinae

 
 

Page by Margie Cochrane


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