Nephilengys cruentata (Hermit spider)
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Arthropoda > Arachnomorpha > Cheliceriformes > Chelicerata > Euchelicerata
> Arachnida > Araneae
> Araneomorpha > Family: Nephilidae > Genus:
Nephilengys cruentata (Hermit spider). [photo Matjaž
Hermit spider females range from 20-25mm in body length
while the males are 3-6mm long. The females are fairly variable in colour. The
legs are banded in shades of light to dark or a reddish brown to black. The
carapace is dark brown to black while the abdomen varies from a medium brown to
black with various lighter markings or yellowish spots. The sternum is a bright
Distribution and habitat
The most synanthropic genera in the Nephilidae as it is
commonly found around human dwellings.
The large webs are attached to tree trunks, rocks or often
to buildings. The tubular retreat is situated at the top end against.
Nephilengys are nocturnal, spending the day in their retreat and nights at the
hub. Nephilengys uses white silk and does not construct a barrier knock down
Derivation of names
The generic name Nephilengys is derived from Greek, "nen
and philos " meaning "fond of spinning" and “engy” meaning "near to" thus "
relating to its habit of staying close to its retreat.
Publications (by date)
- Kuntner M. 2007. A monograph of Nephilengys, the pantropical
‘hermit spiders’ (Araneae, Nephilidae, Nephilinae). Systematic Entomology