Genus: Solpuga

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthropoda > Arachnomorpha > Cheliceriformes > Chelicerata > Euchelicerata > Arachnida > Solifugae > Family: Solpugidae

An African genus of 33 species, 16 of which have been recorded from southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

Information from Dippenaar-Schoeman et al. (2006) and Harvey (2003).

Solpuga alstoni

Recorded from near Pella in the Northern Cape, South Africa.

 

Solpuga atriceps

Recorded from northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

 

Solpuga bechuanica

Recorded from Botswana and Namibia.

 

Solpuga bovicornis

Recorded from the Matroosberg Mountains in the Western Cape, South Africa.

 

Solpuga chelicornis

Distribution includes South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape and Northern Cape), Botswana and Namibia.

 

Solpuga conservatorum

Recorded from various localities in the Kruger National Park, in both Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces.

 

Solpuga fitzsimonsi

Recorded from Murraysburg, Western Cape, South Africa.

 

Solpuga hispidicelis

Recorded from near Umtali in Zimbabwe.

 

Solpuga matabelena

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Solpuga praedatrix

Recorded from Botswana.

 

Solpuga rufescens

Early record (1842) from South Africa ('Cap') but not collected since.

 

Solpuga suffusca

Only known from the type, which did not have accurate locality data but which was possibly collected in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

 

Solpuga truncata

Recorded from the Kruger National Park, Limpopo Province, South Africa.

 

Solpuga venosa

Recorded from two widely separated localities in South Africa: 32 km E of Pietersburg in Limpopo Province, and Cape Town in the Western Cape.

 

Solpuga villosa

Recorded from the Northern Cape and Western Cape, South Africa.

 

Solpuga zuluana

Recorded from northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

 

Publications

  • Dippenaar-Schoeman A, Gonzalez Reyers AX, Harvey MS. 2006. A check-list of the Solifugae (sun spiders) of South Africa (Arachnida: Solifugae). African Plant Protection 12:70-92.
  • Harvey MS. 2003. Catalogue of the smaller arachnid orders of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Australia.

Text by Norman Larsen


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