Hottentota 

[= Buthotus]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthropoda > Arachnomorpha > Cheliceriformes > Chelicerata > Euchelicerata > Arachnida > Scorpiones (scorpions) > Superfamily: Buthoidea > Family: Buthidae 

 

Hottentotta sp. [image N. Larsen ]

 

This genus, formerly known as Buthotus, occurs from northern South Africa up through eastern Africa and into the Middle East and India. In southern Africa there are 3 species that occur in the Northern Cape to Namibia, Namibia and the Northern Province respectively - all hot semi-arid to arid regions. They occur in sandy areas under stones, logs and make a 60 to 100 mm deep burrow under succulent shrubs.

These scorpions range from 40 to 70 mm in length. They are yellowish to light brown in colour with 3 granular ridges that extend along the length of the dorsal surface of the mesosoma and may be indistinctly or distinctly marked in black.  The 2 lateral ridges extend forward onto the carapace while the middle ridge does not. These 3 dorsal ridges as well as the fact that these scorpions do not stridulate, separate them from other  buthid genera. 

Hottentotta are active nocturnal scorpions and are lapidocolous and shelter under any available stone or suitable cover.

Text by Norman Larsen .


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